As a result of the distillation of crude oil, many intermediates and fuel products which we use in our daily life are obtained by separating (distilling) into its components in refineries.
Liquid hydrocarbons formed by metamorphism of organic material in the earth and stored in porous rocks are called crude oil.
The “raw” term at the beginning of petroleum is a raw material and indicates that it has not yet been processed.
Petroleum is a mixture of organic compounds containing only two elements [carbon and hydrogen].
Oil naturally leaks to the earth through fault lines and cracks in the rocks, accumulating to form tar, asphalt and pitch ponds.
For this reason petroleum as a substitute for petroleum is derived from Greek (from Greek) origin as petroleum, meaning “petra” meaning stone and “oleo” meaning oil, and means oil.
We briefly look at the distillation of crude oil and its contents.
Liquefied Petroleum Gas
Petrochemicals are the chemical products made from the raw materials of petroleum. These chemicals include: ethylene, used to make anesthetics, antifreeze, and detergents; propylene, used to produce acetone and phenol; benzene, used to make other chemicals and explosives; toluene, used as a solvent and in refined gasoline; and xylene is used as a solvent and cleaning agent.